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Evolution of the Internet

Evolution of the Internet

Internet is undergoing a radical change – when it comes to what it is and how it is used.  

This article summarizes the evolution of the Internet and looks what lies ahead of us.

The Original Internet

The aim with the first and original Internet was to build a network of computers for accessing and sharing data.

At that time, the computers were interconnected via wired access technologies, such as LANs, and other non-wireless technologies.

The Mobile Internet

The so called “Mobile Internet” added an option to access and share the same data wirelessly using mobile phones and tablets. Mobile Internet started to evolve when mobile phone manufacturers, operators, and equipment vendors started to realize the potential of wireless access technologies becoming the game changer.

Among the first phone manufacturers to realize this was Apple with their iPhones and Apple Store.
Google followed with their Android Market.


Internet of Things (IoT) – Connecting the “things”

Today, we are witnessing the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT).

That is the interconnection of uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices within the existing Internet infrastructure. Typically IoT is expected to bring more advanced connectivity options for the devices than previously existed.

Devices benefiting from more advanced connectivity options can be for example connected cars and advanced health equipment (such as hearth monitoring).


Tactile Internet

Next step in the evolution is the “Tactile Internet”. Tactile Internet offers quicker reaction times, industrial-grade reliability, high level of security, and tactile experiences remotely. Associated with Cloud-based computing and combined with the virtual or augmented reality for sensory and haptic controls, Tactile Internet becomes suitable for businesses, such as industrial automation, transportation systems, health, education and online games. Thanks to its characteristics, it can contribute to the simulation of movements, remote medical diagnostics and surgery, help to physically handicapped persons (for example, auto-controlled exoskeletons), rehabilitation of patients who underwent surgery, precise movements of remote controlled objects etc.